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Electric Light Transmits Data 100 Times Faster than Wi-Fi

2023-12-21 129

[A collaborative team from POSTECH, Ajou, and Inha University develops a tricolor light source tailored for wireless VLC using RGB blending]

정대성-교수팀_뷰페이지-(en)

Li-fi, a communication technology harnessing visible light for data transmission, has a potential to surpass Wi-Fi’s speed by over 100 times and boasts a high bandwidth, facilitating the simultaneous transmission of copious information. Notably, Li-fi ensures robust security by exclusively transmitting data to areas illuminated by light. Most importantly, it capitalizes on existing indoor lighting infrastructure, such as LEDs, eliminating the need for separate installations. However, implementing visible light communication (VLC) in practical lighting systems posed an issue of diminished stability and accuracy in data transmission.

Recently, a collaborative team led by Professor Dae Sung Chung, from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), with researcher Dowan Kim, Professor Dong-Woo Jee and Hyung-Jun Park from the Department of Intelligence Semiconductor Engineering at Ajou University, and Professor Jeong-Hwan Lee from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Inha University, succeeded in utilizing indoor lighting for wireless communication by reducing light interference with a novel light source. Their breakthrough findings were published in Advanced Materials.

When light of the same wavelength intersects, interference occurs, resulting in the merging or cancellation of amplitudes. This phenomenon was observed when using LEDs as a single-color light source in VLC technology. To resolve this hurdle, the team developed a novel light source to replace the conventional one. By combining red, green, and blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), they crafted a light source that mimics standard white illumination but with minimal interference zones.

Furthermore, the team introduced a cavity1) structure to enhance the OLED’s color representation for each wavelength and incorporated a Fabry- Pérot2) structure into the light-absorbing organic photodiodes (OPDs) to selectively receive specific wavelengths of light.

The team’s composite white light exhibited a significantly lower bit error rate (BER) than that of conventional light sources. BER, representing the error ratio to the total transmitted bits, serves as a key quantifier of digital signal quality. This remarkable achievement signifies effective suppression of interference among light sources, ensuring accurate information transmission.

Professor Dae Sung Chung, the leader of the consortium, explained, “In contrast to conventional light sources, our light source, which blends three wavelengths, circumvents interference thereby enhancing stability and accuracy in data transmission. We foresee this technology as a potentially beneficial tool for diverse industries, serving as a next-generation wireless communication solution that utilizes conventional lighting systems.”

This study was conducted with support from the Nano-Material Technology: Creative Materials Discovery Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT of Korea.

Organic visible light communication system based on mixed white light illumination and color-selective OPDs fabricated with OLEDs.

In a multichannel VLC system, mixed white light is created by using red, green, and blue OLEDs with non-overlapping wavelengths to minimize interference among channels. The system utilizes OPDs that selectively absorb the light.

 


1. Cavity
A structural space between two reflective surfaces that intensifies light around OLEDs at specific wavelengths, enhancing its intensity and controlling its direction.

2. Fabry–Pérot
By generating multiple interference phenomena, only certain wavelengths are transmitted, while other wavelengths are reflected, allowing the selection of desired data.